March 26, 2018
Authored by: Bard Brockman
On August 10, 2017, in In re Mathias, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held ERISA Section 502(e)(2) venue provisions do not invalidate a forum-selection clause contained in plan documents, in a 2-1 split decision.
George Mathias sued his employer Caterpillar and its ERISA-governed health plan in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, where he resided. The plan documents, however, required any suit to be brought in federal court in the Central District of Illinois, so Caterpillar moved to transfer the case. Mathias opposed the motion, arguing that ERISA’s venue provision invalidated the plan’s forum-selection clause. His argument was rejected and Caterpillar’s motion to transfer the case was granted in a decision relying on a Sixth Circuit decision in Smith v. Aegon Cos. Pension Plan, which held that forum-selection clauses in ERISA plans are enforceable and not inconsistent with the text of ERISA’s venue provision. When the case arrived in the Central District of Illinois, Mathias moved to transfer it back to Pennsylvania with the same argument, and his request was denied. Then, Mathias petitioned for mandamus relief in the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
Seventh Circuit Decision
In a mandamus proceeding, the court can only reverse a transfer decision if the applicant can show that the transfer order is a “violation of a clear and indisputable legal right, or at the very least, is patently erroneous.” In re Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, Inc.,